Be Prepared: Guide To Handle A Tax Fraud Investigation

You should understand that the IRS has complete power and unlimited resources when investigating possible tax fraud. The most important step you can take is to hire a federal defense lawyer. You will be on firmer ground with your lawyer and the following guide.

Opt to Use the 5th Amendment

The first thing the IRS may do is audit you. But you should know you have rights that can protect you during this audit. The 5th Amendment gives you the opportunity to remain silent. And it also protects you from incriminating yourself.

You should understand that claiming the 5th Amendment will probably make the IRS more interested in your case. So make sure you use this right correctly if you believe that some of the information you possess may be incriminating. And remember to contact your federal attorney as soon as possible because he or she can also offer advice during an audit.

Don’t Offer To Pay Anything

Do not offer to pay any money if the IRS decides to indict you. This offer can be taken as an admission of guilt and will be used against you. 

Reconsider Your Accountant

Many people think that keeping their accountant is a good idea, but this can be a costly mistake during a tax fraud investigation. The truth is your accountant is not bound to you and may turn against you if asked by the IRS. Any information that you share with your accountant can be used against you.

You should hire a Kovel accountant who will perform all the services of a regular accountant. The only difference is a Kovel accountant is under a attorney-client privilege shield. This shield will protect your conversations from prying eyes. Talk to your federal defense lawyer about contacting a Kovel accountant you can trust. 

Make sure your attorney has the Kovel letter signed by the accountant. This letter legitimizes the attorney-client privilege and will include some of the following restrictions:

  • Your lawyer will be notified of any attempts made to inspect your documents
  • Notification of a request to surrender documents or information
  • Paperwork and information must returned in full if deemed necessary

You can ask your federal law attorney about other privileges you have with a Kovel accountant.

Remember you have a federal attorney on your side, and he or she is your employee. So use his or her knowledge, and do not be afraid to ask questions. For more information, contact a firm such as Law Offices of Craig Weintraub.

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Understanding Child Maltreatment

If you suspect that your relative, friend or neighbor is mistreating their child or children, you ought to step in to defend the rights of the child. You could seek the help of a lawyer to sort out this issue. The following article seeks to help you understand what child maltreatment is all about.

What is Child Maltreatment?

Child maltreatment is any type of cruelty conducted by parents, older adolescents, caregivers and other adults. This behavior entails a risk of causing emotional or physical injury to the child in question.

Types of Child Maltreatment

  • Neglect
  • Physical Abuse
  • Sexual Abuse
  • Emotional Maltreatment


This is failure by the parent to offer their child the culturally accepted conditions that are deemed important for their emotional and physical development and well-being. Behaviors that are neglectful are divided into four main categories:

  • Physical neglect: the parent’s failure to offer their child basic necessities like clothing, food, health care and housing
  • Emotional neglect: the parent’s failure to offer their child encouragement, support, warmth and nurturance.
  • Educational neglect: the parent’s failure to offer appropriate educational opportunities to their child
  • Environmental neglect: the parent’s failure to provide environmental safety, resources and opportunities

Physical Abuse

This refers to using physical force that causes harm to a child. Physical abuse does not necessarily need to be intended. For instance, physical punishment that causes bruising would be regarded as physical abuse.

Physical abuse includes behaviors such as hitting, shoving, slapping, throwing, shaking, punching, biting, kicking, strangling, burning and poisoning. The induction or fabrication of an illness also amounts to physical abuse.

Sexual Abuse

This refers to any act that exposes your child to or involves them in sexual encounters that are beyond their understanding or that go against community standards. It is the use of a child by an adult for sexual gratification.

Sexually abusive conduct may include masturbation, fondling of genitals, oral sex, anal or vaginal penetration, fondling of breasts and exposing a child to pornography.

The definition of sexual abuse depends on how the child and adult are related. For instance, sexual behavior that involves members of the family, e.g. parent or uncle, would be considered abusive.

Sexual behavior between adolescents will be considered abusive based on whether it was consensual or whether coercion was involved.

Emotional Maltreatment

This is also called emotional abuse or psychological abuse. It involves a parent’s inappropriate symbolic or verbal acts towards their child. It also refers to the consistent failure by a parent to offer their child adequate emotional availability and non-physical nurture. These acts damage a child’s self esteem. Emotional maltreatment has five main forms:

  • Rejecting: the parent fails to acknowledge a child’s worth and their needs
  • Isolating: the parent prevents the child from ordinary social experiences like forming friendships.
  • Terrorizing: the parent assaults the child verbally, fills them with fear, frightens and bullies the child and leads the child to believe in a world that is hostile and capricious.
  • Ignoring: the parent deprives their child of emotional growth, intellectual development and essential responsiveness and stimulation.
  • Corrupting: the parent stimulates their child to be involved with destructive antisocial behavior.
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Pinning A Prank Call: When A Joke Becomes Harassment

“Is your refrigerator running? Yes? Then you better go catch it!” Silly phone jokes like this have existed since phones were invented, causing shaking heads and hang ups for those receiving these kinds of calls across America. In most situations, no ill will or intent is meant with a prank call, with most ending as soon as they begin. When you continue to receive calls from the same number time and time again, especially late at night, things become a little more sketchy– and at times, scary. Making a one-time, funny phone call as a joke to a friend or family member during daylight hours is one thing, but entering into the realm of harassment is another. If you’ve felt threatened or harassed by a phone call (or series of calls), you’re likely eligible to pursue some sort of legal action:

Qualifying Factors

In order to actually qualify for legal action (or for the police to take your situation seriously), you’ll need to determine what category the calls fall under in addition to making a clear record of what has been said during the calls. If you’re certain the harassing calls have been coming from a friend or family member, police will likely guide you towards getting a restraining order instead of pursuing a criminal charge. Once that order has been broken by further contact, then the calls will be treated as a criminal matter. If, however, you have been receiving repeat calls from the same stranger, it could be a criminal matter. Use the following guidelines to help you in determining where your situation falls:

  • The specific time is key– if calls are coming in on a regular basis when the majority of town is asleep, it’s much more harassing than if the calls were to occur at noon.
  • Any sort of threat given over the phone should be taken seriously and reported to the police immediately. While many such calls may be a sick attempt at humor and have no basis in reality, your safety is not worth the risk.
  • Even if the call doesn’t involve threats, obscenities, or sexual content, it can still be considered illegal if the caller keeps calling to say the same thing over and over.
  • Not saying anything can still qualify as harassment. If the caller doesn’t speak but continues with calls involving heavy breathing or strange noises, it’s harassment.

If you’ve been the recipient of a prank call gone wrong, don’t hesitate to contact an attorney, from a company like Gomez May LLP, to start the legal process– and never hesitate to contact the police if a call becomes violent or threatening.

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